The Local Government Association has claimed contractors carrying out botched road repairs are costing taxpayers £70m each year.
The LGA said that of the two million works in England and Wales last year, around 360,000 were not completed to the agreed specification.
The association wants councils to be given stronger powers to ensure roadworks are timed to cause minimum disruption and to guarantee that roads are repaired properly when work is completed.
LGA economic and transport board chairman Peter Box said: “Contractors should not be allowed to get away with botching road repairs and then leaving council taxpayers to foot the bill.
“Roadworks are a pet hate of all motorists. Many would no doubt be surprised to learn that most road closures don’t even result in the condition of roads improving and many actually make them worse.”
The LGA claims that contractors are digging up roads on behalf of utility companies and failing to properly repair them afterwards.
Mr Box said: “Councils face the joint challenge of managing the toughest spending cuts in living memory and tackling a £10.5 billion backlog in road maintenance.
“It is only right that companies which drill and dig up our roads pay their fair share towards fixing the damage.”