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Where are London's construction workers from? Full breakdown

The Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors has today warned that 8 per cent of the UK’s construction workforce could be lost as a result of a hard Brexit.

The RICS survey said losing single access to the EU could lead to an exodus of 176,500 EU workers and put the delivery of future infrastructure projects at risk.  

With Article 50 expected to be triggered in late March and the status of EU citizens living in the UK uncertain, there are growing concerns that a hard Brexit could severely deplete the country’s construction workforce.

Lord Stunnell, the man leading a review into the impact leaving the EU will have on the industry, told Construction News in February that construction output could shrink by 9 per cent following a hard Brexit.

That same month saw country’s largest contractor Balfour Beatty, which employs 10 per cent of its workforce from the EU, warn that leaving the EU could increase skills shortages and drive up costs for firms.

London mayor Sadiq Khan also stepped in, warning a hard Brexit could leave a quarter of the skilled construction workforce in the capital “high and dry” with any curbs having a “crippling effect on the city’s housebuilding plans”.

The mayor’s office has found that almost 100,000 of the capital’s construction workers were from the EU and elsewhere in Europe.

EU workers in London_2014-16 Labour Force Survey_GLA

EU workers in London_2014-16 Labour Force Survey_GLA

Source: GLA

So how many workers currently working in the capital are from outside the UK and where exactly are they from?

Here is the full breakdown of London’s construction workforce by country of birth:

Country of birth of construction workers in London 2014-16 

CountryAverageArea
Austria 279 EU
Bulgaria 6,625 EU
Croatia 291 EU
Cyprus (European Union) 509 EU
Czech Republic 214 EU
France 2,507 EU
Germany 1766 EU
Greece 987 EU
Hungary 685 EU
Italy 730 EU
Latvia 1,509 EU
Lithuania 10,955 EU
Poland 27,178 EU
Portugal 1,220 EU
Republic of Ireland 7,485 EU
Romania 29475 EU
Slovakia 306 EU
Spain 2111 EU
Albania 3,254 Rest of Europe
Kosovo 3,728 Rest of Europe
Malta 573 Rest of Europe
Moldova 680 Rest of Europe
Russia 748 Rest of Europe
Serbia 632 Rest of Europe
Switzerland 368 Rest of Europe
Ukraine 2205 Rest of Europe
Afghanistan 275 Rest of World
Angola 909 Rest of World
Australia 1,698 Rest of World
Bangladesh 1,189 Rest of World
Bolivia 1,106 Rest of World
Brazil 576 Rest of World
Canada 440 Rest of World
Caribbean Not Otherwise Specified 366 Rest of World
China (Taiwan) 587 Rest of World
Colombia 1,240 Rest of World
Cyprus (Non-European Union) 245 Rest of World
Cyprus (Not Otherwise Specified) 220 Rest of World
Ecuador 243 Rest of World
French Guiana 154 Rest of World
Ghana 1000 Rest of World
Grenada 1,373 Rest of World
Guinea-Bissau 299 Rest of World
India 10,439 Rest of World
Iran 245 Rest of World
Iraq 238 Rest of World
Jamaica 3,482 Rest of World
Kenya 2,471 Rest of World
Kuwait 322 Rest of World
Lebanon 265 Rest of World
Libya 328 Rest of World
Malaysia 243 Rest of World
Mauritius 364 Rest of World
Mexico 278 Rest of World
Montserrat 343 Rest of World
Mozambique 562 Rest of World
Namibia 271 Rest of World
New Zealand 2158 Rest of World
Nigeria 2901 Rest of World
Pakistan 2629 Rest of World
Philippines 236 Rest of World
Rwanda 251 Rest of World
Somalia 670 Rest of World
South Africa 2,775 Rest of World
Sri Lanka 1,034 Rest of World
Sudan 1,270 Rest of World
Tanzania 975 Rest of World
Trinidad And Tobago 563 Rest of World
Turkey 645 Rest of World
Uganda 265 Rest of World
United States 1,095 Rest of World
Uruguay 289 Rest of World
Vietnam 1,080 Rest of World
Zimbabwe 767 Rest of World
Total non-UK 158,394  
Total UK 191,268  

Source: Analysis of Labour Force data published by the Greater London Authority

  • EU workers in London index

    Where are London's construction workers from? Full breakdown

Readers' comments (1)

  • Malta "Rest of Europe"? Really?
    Get the basic facts right first

    Unsuitable or offensive? Report this comment

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